New Roof Installation
Installing a new roof is not a difficult task for a team of experienced roofing professionals, but there are a few things you need to do and know to help the process go as quickly and smoothly as possible. Here are a few new roof installation tips for communicating with your roof contractor, as well as a pre-work checklist that can help you to minimize disruption prior to, during and after the roof installation.
Watch The Video Of How James Russell Roofing Installs A New Roof
New Roof Installation: Proper Roof Install Techniques
Your new roof installation will start by the roofing material distributor delivering your new roof material. A James Russell Roofing representative will check-in the material, make sure all material, as well as the correct material, was dropped by the distributor. A few things you want to look for during the new roof installation process are correct materials and proper installation.
- Tear off the old felt and inspect the deck for rotten wood.
Removal of your old existing roof is task number one. This process can take as few as four hours or as much as a full day, this will depend on the size, pitch and how many layers of shingles and felt the roofing crew runs into. In Brighton, Memphis and all of Tennessee it is not an accepted practice to do what is called a roof over. This is where one layer of shingles is added on top of the existing layer. In some areas of the country, this practice is accepted however it is frowned upon by most shingle manufacturers and is unacceptable for James Russell Roofing. Removal of the old felt allows the roofing crew to thoroughly inspect your roof’s deck for rotten wood. Once the roof’s decking or sheathing is inspected any rotten wood will be replaced with either oriented strand board commonly called OSB or CDX depending on what roof decking product is on your roof.
- Install drip edge around the eve and rakes of the house.
Drip edge or eave flashing is used to protect the eve of your home as well as kick the water of the fascia board to help prevent fascia board rot.
- Install new synthetic felt. The felt should be over the drip edge at the eve of the house and under the drip edge up the rakes.
Synthetic felt has been around for a few years now and is a superior product to the old asphalt felt paper that has always been used in the past. Top roofing companies like James Russell Roofing will only use this best product giving you a superior roof to those using old felt paper. Synthetic felt is much stronger, harder to tear water resistant, and much more puncture resistant. Shingle manufacturers like Atlas require the felt to be placed over the drip edge at the eve of the home and under the drip edge running up the rakes. The rake of the house is the edge running up a gable roof to the ridge of the home.
4. In a proper roof install, you should always use a new starter course shingle. A roofing starter shingle has adhesive to make the eve of the home more secure from wind damage and water damage from rain. When a poor roofer installs a three-tab for a starter there is no adhesive protection for the eve of the home.
Many times, when roofers come in with a lower bid for your new roof they are cutting corners on the material, and installation and do not have a workmanship warranty that they intend on honoring. In a new roof installation, you will see roofing companies turn a three-tab shingle backward and use that as a starter shingle. This is a practice only bad roofing companies will use. It is important to use a strong properly installed starter shingle to protect a very vulnerable area of your home. In Brighton, Covington, and the Memphis areas of Tennessee we get high winds often, this does not even take into account the possibility of a hurricane. The eve of the house is the most vulnerable in high winds. A proper starter shingle like the Atlas starter will make a great protective barrier to your home. A three-tab turned backward does not have the adhesive strip to make a thermal seal and protect your eve and roof.
- After the drip edge and felt in installed it is time for the ice and water shield. Good roof installations will always include ice and water shield. Ice and water shield should be installed in all roof valleys, around chimneys, and around all penetration points like roofing pipe jacks and wind turbines commonly called whirlybirds. The ice and water should always be applied directly to the bare deck. The felt should be cut out at the valleys to assure the ice and water are applied properly to the sheathing.
Atlas has a product called Winterguard. This is the ice and water protection for the most vulnerable areas of your roof, the valleys, and around penetrations.
- Next, the shingles should be installed. The proper way for a lifetime shingle to be installed is in a course. You never want to allow your roofer to rack your lifetime shingles. Depending on the shingle and wind load area of installation most shingles require six nails per shingle. You want to make sure your roofer is placing the nails in the nail line of the shingle or there will be no strength for the shingles to stay adhered to the roof deck over time.
At James Russell Roofing, a new roof installation includes a limited-lifetime shingle by Atlas. Atlas has a 100-plus year history manufacturing shingles and has the heaviest per pound shingles and the most variety of colors in class.
- After the shingles are installed it is time for the hip and ridge shingles to be installed. The best hip and ridge shingle is always a true hip & ridge. A three-tab shingle is what most roofing companies install and don’t even inform the client of the difference. A three-tab shingle is not made to bend, it is made to lay flat on the roof deck as a cheaper alternative to a lifetime shingle, not cover your hip and ridge.
- After the hip and ridge shingles are installed it’s time for the ridge vent to be installed. Make sure your roofing crew cuts out the ridge area and does not cover it with felt. After the ridge vent is installed it is time to cover the ridge vent with the hip and ridge shingles.
During the new roof installation, one commonly overlooked area is the roof ventilation. There is nothing worse than spending a good amount of money to cook your shingles not much different than in an oven by not having proper roof ventilation. James Russell Roofing uses the 12” Atlas ridge vent on the peak of your home. The Atlasridge vent works well year-round and is wind-driven and rain resistant to 100 MPH.
- After the hip and ridge are complete it’s time to paint any roofing hardware that did not come pre-painted. Normal roofing accessories that may not come painted are pipe jacks, 750s or turtle vents, wind turbines, and flashings if you would like those painted. After all installation and painting are complete it is time to wrap up the roofing job with a thorough cleanup. Your roofing crew should sweep the driveway, yard, and flowerbeds for any roofing debris and nails.
These are some good guidelines for you to watch as your new roof is installed. Make sure to talk to your roofing consultant about every part of the process. A top roofing company will be proud of the way they install your roof. Only poor roofers hide their installation process and do not want you to see it nor do they like questions about how the roof. James Russell Roofing welcomes questions and loves to show and talk about the proper way to install a new roof.
Tips for Communicating with Your Roof Contractor
Before the installation of your new roof begins, be sure to ask your roofing contractor the following questions. These will help you to know what to expect during the installation process.
1. When Will the Shingles Arrive?
Shingles are typically delivered from a few days before the start-up to the day of a new roof installation project. Talk to your roofing representative and let him know your situation. Things like neighborhood bylaws or just how much room you might have for the amount of roofing materials required for your roofing project. The delivery driver will place these shingles in the driveway unless you instruct your roofing contractor to place them in a different location. To ensure you are ready to receive delivery of the shingles, ask your roofing contractor when they will arrive. In most cases, the roofing company will not know exactly when the material will arrive, possibly only the day of arrival. Armed with this knowledge, you can move cars to ensure the delivery does not inconvenience anyone in your household.
Flowers and shrubbery can be damaged by falling debris during a new roof installation. Some roofing contractors cover plants to protect them, but others prefer to let homeowners take protective action themselves. Talk to your contractor to find out who will protect shrubs and flowerbeds, at James Russell Roofing we always take care of this detail. If you need extra care, please let your roofing representative know. Stay in constant communication with your contractor when they are in areas that may be of extra concern.
After installing a new roof, James Russell Roofing contractors clean up leftover shingles, loose nails and other debris associated with the new roof installation. Check that your roof contractor plans to clean up before the job starts. After the job, if you are unhappy with the clean-up, do not hesitate to ask the contractor to carry out a secondary sweep for nails. During any re-roofing project, there will be thousands of nails and hundreds of square feet of roofing felt torn off your roof in preparation for the new roofing shingles. Every care possible is taken to clean up all roofing debris, however, sometimes a few nails can get caught in the grass. It is always a good idea to mow your lawn prior to your new roof installation. Mowing your lawn will make it easier for the magnets that are used dragging your yard to pick up nails.
4. What is the Warranty?
It is very important to understand the terms of the warranty that comes with your new roof. In particular, you need to ask whether you or the contractor is responsible for registering the warranty. Atlas roofing materials are the first choice for your new roof with James Russell Roofing. The warranty will normally be registered by the roofing company. Once the roofing project is complete your warranty will be registered. Your James Russell Roofing cloud-based CRM, Customer Relationship Management program that stores all your information and can be provided whe needed.
Before your new roof installation starts, there are a few things you can do to minimize disruption. Use this pre-work checklist to prepare and ensure you know what to expect during the installationP.
1. Protect Your Pets
Ask your roof contractor whether pets need to be put up during the installation. Dogs and cats can be injured by falling debris and get in the way of contractors, so it is often a good idea to keep them out of the way. Some animals may be sensitive to the loud noise made while roofing if your pet is super sensitive you may even want to board your pet.
2. Protect Your Property
Move or cover valuable items in the garden, such as statues and planters, so they are not damaged during the installation. Move items off outer walls and interior shelves, and remove pictures from the walls, as vibrations can cause them to fall and break. Roofing crews walking on the roof, nailing of the shingles and laying the bundles of roofing shingles on the roof’s deck and ridge can in some cases cause severe vibrations. One bundle of CertainTeed, which is the heaviest shingle on the market, can weigh 240 LBS or even more if you are installing a class four shingle.
3. Manage Gates
Your roof contractor might need you to leave gates open so they can access the property. Alternatively, you can ask them to keep gates closed to protect pets or kids. Be sure to discuss your preferences for gates on your property before the work starts.
4. Make Special Requests
If you have any special requests for your roofing contractors, let the team manager know about them in advance. Where a septic tank may be, special care around swimming pool pumps or any others.
5. Cover Valuables in the Attic
During the new roof installation, contractors must remove felt from the roof decking. James Russell Roofing removes all old felt and shucks all nails from the roof deck. This is best roofing practice; however, it can cause an after-roof installation clean-up un the attic. This can cause debris to fall through cracks in the decking into the attic. The old felt is most likely asphalt based and in many cases tears into tinny little pieces that fall between the roof’s decking and through other holes during the roof installation like where the old ridge vent was removed, or old wind turbines were removed. Cover all valuables to protect them from dust and debris.
6. Rare and Unexpected Things but Possible
In rare cases water lines, A/C lines, and electric lines may be hit by a nail penetrating the roof’s deck. This should never happen if the water, A/C, and electric lines are installed to code. All these lines should be strapped down to the rafters or other flooring joists. There is no way to know prior to the roof installation if this could happen and even if the attic was inspected there still may not be any way to see this. In many cases, the lines when hit are at the very eve of the house and just can’t be seen. This is not the roofing contractor’s fault and you need to just be prepared in case it does happen.
7. Receive Your Warranty
After receipt of the final check for the roofing project, your roofing warranty from Atlas along with your James Russell Roofing workmanship warranty will be issued.
Hopefully, these tips and checklists will help you to feel more familiar with the new roof installation process. If you still have questions, get in touch with James Russell Roofing. Our customer service representatives will be very happy to address your concerns and answer your questions.
Frequently Asked Questions About A New Roof Installation
Are the type roofing shingles used important?
Re-roofing your home is a big decision. Roofing shingles manufactured today are designed to last for decades if you buy good shingles and they are installed correctly. When making a decision on what type roofing shingles to buy, certainly take cost into account for sure but make sure you look at all aspects of your situation and get expert roofing advice so when you do secede you make the right decision.
Why should you tear off the old felt from the roof deck?
If your roofing contractor tells you it is not necessary to tear the old roofing felt off your roof during a re-roofing project, he is trying to save money and cut corners. Yes, it is necessary to tear the old roofing felt off the deck if you want the best roofing job done that can be. Just one good reason to tear the old felt off your roof’s deck is to inspect your roof’s deck for rotten wood. If you do not tear the old felt off, you will most likely miss areas of rotten wood and roof right over it. Top roofing companies will always tear the old roofing felt off and only install the new synthetic felt.
Is drip edge important to my overall roofing job?
Drip edge is another place that many roofing companies cut corners on. Many roofing companies will not remove the old drip edge and install new. Some will even use an excuse like you don’t want any more nails at the end of your roof deck. Many roofing companies will use any tactic to spend less on your roof and pocket more themselves. Drip edge is what keeps the rainwater from getting on your fascia and keeping it from rotting over time.
Is it necessary to use synthetic felt?
No, it is not necessary to use synthetic felt when doing a re-roof project. At James Russell Roofing and other top roofing companies installing synthetic felt is the only acceptable type roofing felt. Some of the reasons James Russell Roofing only uses synthetic start with water penetration. The old asphalt felt of yesterday just will not stop water penetration and your roofing felt is the last line of defense for your roof’s deck. The warranty is also much better on synthetic felt as well. So, even though it is not 100% necessary to use synthetic felt during a roofing project, your elite roofing companies will not install asphalt felt.
What about ice & water shield in my valleys?
he old way of doing the valleys during a re-roof project is valley metal. Today there is a much better product for a home’s valleys called ice & water shield. A product like WinterGuard by Atlas corporation will eliminate the possibility of rust around nail penetrations as wells as expansion and contraction which all metal will do. Again, elite roofing companies will not install valley metal and opt for the much better ice & water shield.
What type of ventilation should I have?
Proper roof ventilation is a question to ask a roofing professional when at your home. The best product for long term attic ventilation is ridge vent. Ridge vent will give you consistent ventilation over time and many improvements have been made over the years making wind-driven rain issues a thing of the past. The only problem is with today’s modern homes you can’t always get enough ridge vent on the home to properly vent the attic leaving you with options like wind turbines and power attic vents. Ask your roofing professional what they would use on their own home.
What type of ridge shingles are best for my roofing job?
The hip & ridge shingles are one of the most important components of your roof and so often not even explained properly by a local roofer. Most roofers will not even talk about the ridge shingles and just put what is called a 3-tab shingle on your hip & ridge. The 3-tab shingle is made for the main parts of your roof called the field shingles. The 3-tab shingle is made to lay flat and not bend at all. As soon as you bend a 3-tab shingle as you must do to install it on a hip & ridge you damage the shingle and it is just a matter of time before it will allow water into your home. This is again where a top roofing company will at least explain the difference in the types of ridge shingles and let the homeowner make the decision and many times it comes down to saving money. The hip & ridge shingle is not that much more expensive and will give your roof much better protection.
What warranties are available?
There are so many different types of shingle warranties for different types of singles the only way to properly cover this topic is with your roofing field representative. As your roofing representative is going over shingles with you tell him or her what your expectations are and that will help narrow down what shingles they even show you. At James Russell Roofing, we only install Atlas and CertainTeed shingles. Atlas and CertainTeed have the best shingles and shingle warranties on the market today.
How will you clean up all that roofing debris?
At James Russell Roofing, we use the Equipter new roof no-mess system to help keep your lawn cleaner during the roofing project. It is not always practical to use the Equipter around the entire house, sometimes there just is not enough roof to get the Equipter by the side of the house between fencings and A/C units. This is when James Russell Roofing will tarp thoroughly around your home to catch all the loose roofing nails and debris. At the end of the job, the roofing crews will pick up all remaining debris, rake and use magnets to get the last remaining nails.
Can anything go wrong during my roofing project?
Yes, there are many things that can go wrong, and you should read every word of the pre-job checklist for all these. Most things that can go wrong are rare but can and do happen from time to time. Have your roofing field representative show you where to read your roofing pre-job checklist.